The second vatican council essay

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The Virgin of Hope of Macarenain her imperial regaliaSpain. There was controversy over revisions of the decree on religious freedom and the failure to vote on it during the third period, but Pope Paul promised that this schema would be the first to be reviewed in the next period.

The vote was 1, for to against, a margin that widened even further by the time the bishops finally signed the decree. The principal work of the other part of the period was work on three documents, all of which were approved by the Council Fathers.

A number of topics were reduced to statements of fundamental propositions that could gain approval during the third period, with postconciliar commissions handling implementation of these measures. Christian—Jewish reconciliation and Relations between Catholicism and Judaism A major event of the final days of the council was the act of Pope Paul and Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras of a joint expression of regret for many of the past actions that had led up to the Great Schism between the western and eastern churches.

Although the Church is the new people of God, the Jews should not be presented as rejected or accursed by God, as if this followed from the Holy Scriptures. The lengthened and revised pastoral constitution on the Church in the modern world, Gaudium et speswas followed by decrees on missionary activity, Ad gentes and the ministry and life of priests, Presbyterorum ordinis.

All should see to it, then, that in catechetical work or in the preaching of the word of God they do not teach anything that does not conform to the truth of the Gospel and the spirit of Christ.

Schemata on the life and ministry of priests and the missionary activity of the Church were rejected and sent back to commissions for complete rewriting. This more permanent structure was intended to preserve close cooperation of the bishops with the Pope after the council.

The second period ended on 4 December. One of the more controversial documents [38] was Nostra aetatewhich stated that the Jews of the time of Christ, taken indiscriminately, and all Jews today are no more responsible for the death of Christ than Christians.

The central idea was that there ought to be lay participation in the liturgy which means they "take part fully aware of what they are doing, actively engaged in the rite, and enriched by its effects.

Schema 13, on the Church in the modern world, was revised by a commission that worked with the assistance of laymen. They included the Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation Dei verbumdecrees on the pastoral office of bishops Christus Dominusthe life of persons in religious orders expanded and modified from earlier sessions, finally titled Perfectae caritatiseducation for the priesthood Optatam totiusChristian education Gravissimum educationisand the role of the laity Apostolicam actuositatem.

October Learn how and when to remove this template message Eleven schemata remained unfinished at the end of the third period, and commissions worked to give them their final form.

To help carry forward the work of the Council, Pope Paul: The council also gave final approval to other documents that had been considered in earlier sessions. Issues[ edit ] After adjournment on 8 December, work began on preparations for the sessions scheduled for This included inviting additional lay Catholic and non-Catholic observers, reducing the number of proposed schemata to seventeen which were made more general, in keeping with the pastoral nature of the council and later eliminating the requirement of secrecy surrounding general sessions.

Work continued on the remaining schemata, in particular those on the Church in the modern world and religious freedom. These preparations, however, were halted upon the death of Pope John XXIII on 3 Junesince an ecumenical council is automatically interrupted and suspended upon the death of the Pope who convened it, until the next Pope orders the council to be continued or dissolved.

Liturgy[ edit ] The first matter covered by the council was the liturgy, to emphasize "the primacy of God" and "the primacy of adoration," according to Pope Benedict XVI. Pope Paul closed the third period on 21 November by announcing a change in the Eucharistic fast and formally reaffirming Mary as " Mother of the Church ".

True, the Jewish authorities and those who followed their lead pressed for the death of Christ; still, what happened in His passion cannot be charged against all the Jews, without distinction, then alive, nor against the Jews of today.

Second Vatican Council

The first business of the fourth period was the consideration of the decree on religious freedom, Dignitatis humanaeone of the more controversial of the conciliar documents. Work went forward with the schemata on the Church, bishops and dioceses, and ecumenism. During this period, the bishops approved the constitution on the liturgy, Sacrosanctum Conciliumand the decree on social communication, Inter mirifica.

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The Second Vatican Council announced by Pope John XXIII on January 25, became the mechanism of Church renewal, the method by which the Church would increase its participation in the life of Christ and became the symbol of the church’s openness to the modern world.

The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, commonly known as the Second Vatican Council or Vatican II, addressed relations between the Catholic Church. When the Second Vatican Council was called, it was a jolt of surprise for many of the people of the Catholic religion as well as the rest of the world.

It was called in order to redesign the old and somewhat backwards thinking of the Church. It was attended by 2, churchmen who redefined the way 3/5(2). The Second Vatican Council, or Vatican II as it is often called, was an Ecumenical Council, (which means it affected the worldwide Christian community) of the Roman Catholic Church.

It began on October 11, under, Pope John XXIII with over two thousand attendants (Hollis 23). The Second Vatican Council made the dogmatic constitution on the Church (Lumen Gentium). This was a set of rules in which Catholic must abide by. The constitution of the church states that everyone is part of the church and therefore everyone has a responsibility for its growth and the spread of the kingdom of God throughout the world.

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