These are cold storages where seeds are kept under controlled temperature and humidity for storage and this is easiest way to store the germ plasma of plants at low temperature.
A botanical garden is a place where flowers, fruits and vegetables are grown. Economic values and natural capital[ edit ] See also: It is extremely useful for conducting research and scientific work on different species.
Release of animals in a new locality which come from anywhere else. Thomas Lovejoyin the foreword to the book Conservation Biology,  introduced the term to the scientific community.
Umbrella and flagship species[ edit ] Main articles: Dasmann in the year lay book A Different Kind of Country  advocating conservation. The flora and fauna live in natural habitats without human interference. Ethics and values[ edit ] See also: Ecosystem services and Biodiversity Conservation biologists have started to collaborate with leading global economists to determine how to measure the wealth and services of nature and to make these values apparent in global market transactions.
It is seen that some exotic species may kill or eat the native species thereby causing its extinction. Biodiversity produces a number of products harvested from nature and sold in commercial markets. The botanical gardens provide beauty and calm environment. Some preservationists emphasize the potential of biodiversity in a world without humans.
However, tetrapod terrestrial vertebrates taxonomic and ecological diversity shows a very close correlation.
While records of life in the sea shows a logistic pattern of growth, life on land insects, plants and tetrapods shows an exponential rise in diversity.
Similarly botanical and zoological gardens are the means of biodiversity conservation and are of aesthetic values. Biologists most often define biodiversity as the "totality of genes, species and ecosystems of a region".
India is one of the twelve mega diversity nations of the world due to the following reasons: The concept is based on a new philosophy or leadership theory steering away from historical notions of power, authority, and dominance.
Physiology is considered in the broadest possible terms to include functional and mechanistic responses at all scales, and conservation includes the development and refinement of strategies to rebuild populations, restore ecosystems, inform conservation policy, generate decision-support tools, and manage natural resources.
O—S The blue graph shows the apparent percentage not the absolute number of marine animal genera becoming extinct during any given time interval.
Etymology[ edit ] The term biological diversity was used first by wildlife scientist and conservationist Raymond F. Moreover, common species are often undervalued despite their role as the primary source of ecosystem services.
Systematic conservation planning[ edit ] Systematic conservation planning is an effective way to seek and identify efficient and effective types of reserve design to capture or sustain the highest priority biodiversity values and to work with communities in support of local ecosystems.
In the day to day life, human beings are maintaining their lifestyle at the sacrifice of surrounding species which come from diversity of plants and animals struggling for their existence. It does not represent all marine species, just those that are readily fossilized.
Introduction of exotic species: In-situ conservation provides the required green cover and its associated benefits to our environment. Biodiversity has great economic value because economic development depends upon efficient and economic management of biotic resources.
Evolution Apparent marine fossil diversity during the Phanerozoic  Biodiversity is the result of 3. When a species on which an animal is dependent becomes rare. Chan states  that conservationists must advocate for biodiversity and can do so in a scientifically ethical manner by not promoting simultaneous advocacy against other competing values.
Broader than biodiversity, it includes geology and landforms. This hypothesis considers temperaturemoistureand net primary production NPP as the main variables of an ecosystem niche and as the axis of the ecological hypervolume.
Any protections afforded to the monarch butterfly will at the same time umbrella many other species and habitats.
The consumptive value can be assigned to goods such as fuel woods, leaves, forest products etc. The labels of the traditional "Big Five" extinction events and the more recently recognised End-Capitanian extinction event are clickable hyperlinks; see Extinction event for more details.
The similarity between the curves of biodiversity and human population probably comes from the fact that both are derived from the interference of the hyperbolic trend with cyclical and stochastic dynamics.
WWF Living Planet Report  The inherent natural economy plays an essential role in sustaining humanity,  including the regulation of global atmospheric chemistrypollinating cropspest control cycling soil nutrientspurifying our water supply supplying medicines and health benefits,  and unquantifiable quality of life improvements.Human society largely depends on the ecosystem but has imparted a tremendous burden upon it.
In the past 50 years, the global biodiversity has been badly degraded due to human activities. If we do not start to conserve the biodiversity and use natural resources in a more sustainable manner, the survival of human society may be at risk.
Conservations of Biodiversity: In-Situ Conservation and Ex-Situ Conservation! Conservation is the protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and natural resources such as forests and water.
The Australian Government recognises the importance of biodiversity conservation and, in collaboration with states and territories, has set a national framework for biodiversity conservation over the next decade. Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is the variety of all species on earth.Download