The Second Awakening The Second Awakening was a religious revival that affected the entire country from about to the s. The canal system shortened trade routes into many parts of the interior, and port cities like Baltimore and Philadelphia saw some of their business shifting to ports along canal routes.
The raid failed and Brown and most of his band were executed, but when Northern abolitionists made him into a martyr, it fed Southern fears that the North wanted to wage a war of extermination on Southern whites.
Religious Foundations of Radical Reform Many of these "come outers" soon "came out," not only of religious sectarianism, but of theistic belief altogether, becoming explicit "Free Thinkers" or atheists.
Although highly controversial with huge, often physically threatening public opposition, by the society had about 2, local auxiliaries with membership estimated to be betweentoincluding freed blacks like Frederick Douglass.
His articles were so vitriolic that warrants for his arrest were issued in the South. As the abolitionist movement grew, it became more of an organized political force. Even within a movement like abolitionism, there was widespread disagreement over tactics and goals.
In other instances, it simply was used to justify the ever-increasing demand for more land in the west. In addition, the abolitionist movement was unusually interracial. Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.
Turnpike companies also experienced a boom—bymore than 10, miles of turnpikes were operating in the east. Afterthe rapid growth of cities and expanding commerce and manufacturing seemed both to herald a glorious future and to open the door to temptations and vice.
Commissioners were authorized to collect tolls and were responsible for maintaining the stretch of road under their care. This was favored politically because government leaders were beginning to become concerned with the future of the United States due of the population of uneducated people rapidly increasing.
Persistence of the Reform Movement Historians have often focused on the antebellum period as the "era of reform" in America, culminating in the anti-slavery crusade of the Civil War, but it is also true that did not mark the end of the reform movement, but initiated a period that persists until today in which reformers, seemingly vindicated by the end of slavery as a result of the war, shifted their thinking so as to focus on the secular State, particularly the federal government, as the main instrument for reforming society along Progressive lines.
Plantation owners were able to obtain large tracts of land for little money, particularly after the Indian Removal Act was passed in As the papers grew in circulation, they increased in size from one sheet to two or more. The Cotton Economy In The South In the South, cotton plantations were very profitable, at least until overplanting leached most of the nutrients from the soil.
Anti-Abolitionism in the North Although the North was the hotbed of the abolitionist movement, not all northerners were abolitionists: They were fewer in number and, with some notable exceptions mostly Quakerstended to be part-timers like Benjamin Franklin who were either retired or had other jobs.
Canals, Turnpikes, and Early Railroads Following the Revolutionary War, business and political leaders recognized the need to further unify the country with roads.
In Octoberradical abolitionist John Brown led a group of followers in a raid to capture the U. All such cases, in their view, were part of a larger international drama of the progress of freedom. Hoe made a further improvement with the rotary printing press, which arranged the material to be printed on a cylinder rather than a flat plate, allowing a much larger volumes of material to be printed—millions of copies Antebellum reform essay a day rather than thousands—at a lower cost.
Similar advances occurred in other industries, including the manufacture of equipment, machinery, furniture, paints, paper, and glass. A population shift from farms to cities had already begun, but the promise of better income in factory jobs accelerated that movement.
It inspired the beginnings of the abolitionist movement in upstate New York. Although many people became convinced or active in one or two of these issues, the leading activists for these causes were often interchangeable, and would meet at loosely linked conventions of reformers, where they shared enthusiasms and political strategies, and jostled for leadership niches in the various reform movements.
Church membership increased, particularly among Methodists and Baptists following revivals and tent meetings, which had their greatest attendance on the frontier.
To what extent do you agree with this statement? Inthe horse-powered Beverly Cotton Manufactory had begun operating in Beverly, Massachusetts; inSlater opened the first fully mechanized mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.Sample Essay Antebellum In Class Long Essays Evaluate the extent to which the political and economic trends during the antebellum era () represented.
In the four decades prior the Civil War known as the antebellum period American's fought to reform society in order to perfect America and its people. There were many forces and ideas that motivated this effort to reform America. The Second Great Awakening brought religion to the forefront of /5(6).
Antebellum Society and Reform AP US History A11W | Motivations and Sources for Antebellum Reform 1. Second Great Awakening 2. Social Changes due to the rise of the market economy (anxiety over changing relationships between men and women, masters and workers, social classes) 3.
Antebellum Reform As a response to increasing social ills, the nineteenth century generated reform movements: temperance, abolition, school and prison reform, as well as others. This unit traces the emergence of reform movements instigated by the Second Great Awakening and the impact these movements had on American culture.
Or click here to register. If you are a K–12 educator or student, registration is free and simple and grants you exclusive access to all of our online content, including primary sources, essays, videos, and more. Unit 8 Antebellum Reform Theme One: The first half of the s brought rapid social, economic, and technological changes, which laid the groundwork for reform.Download